Why Engineered Flooring:
Q . What is engineered
Engineered flooring is made up of a core of softwood or plywood and a top layer of hardwood that is glued on the top surface of the core and is available in almost any hardwood species. The product thus has the natural characteristics of the selected wood species as opposed to a photographic layer. The "engineered" flooring has been designed to provide greater stability, particularly where moisture or heat pose problems for solid hardwood flooring.
Q . What does greater stability mean?
The instability of solid hardwood is usually moisture or heat related. Under adverse conditions, solid hardwood can warp, cup, swell or split apart. Engineered flooring overcomes these problems by constructing a multiple-ply plank which counteracts twisting and remains flat and intact. This makes engineered flooring a better choice for installation over radiant heat sources, over concrete whether it's below grade or above, and in rainy climates.
Q . Does engineering destroy the natural beauty of hardwood flooring?
Not at all. The top hardwood layer is the same genuine hardwood you have in solid hardwood flooring.
Q . What is the thickness of the hardwood
The hardwood top layer can typically be 3.5mm to 6 mm or more in thickness. A quality hardwood top layer will provide many years of wear.
Q. Can I refinish an engineered floor?
It depends upon the thickness of your hardwood layer but the fact is that 95 % of hardwood surfaces are never refinished. With the high quality finishes that are offered and the extensive process that refinishing a floor entails, damaged areas are often removed professionally.
If sanding is desired, typically, the professional sanding procedure removes 0.8 mm . Thus if your floor has a 4mm layer you can sand the floor up to 5 times .
Q . Besides different species, what else accounts for the different appearances in hardwoods?
Hardwood veneers have the same surface appearances as solid hardwood flooring because they're both natural hardwoods. Different appearances result from the different ways the hardwood is sawn. The different sawing methods are:
i) Flat Sawn or Plain Sawn, ii) Rotary Cut, and iii) Sliced Cut.
Flat Sawn (also referred to as plain sawn) - can be flat grain (which has a cathedral or gothic effect) or vertical grain (which has a radial or edge grain effect).
Rotary Cut -
method of cutting wood (also referred to as peeling) in which the hardwood layer is peeled off the log using large wood lathes. This peeling method shows dramatic, wilder graining.
Sliced Cut - method of cutting wood in which the hardwood layer is sawn like regular lumber. This shows method finer graining.